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Investment Q&A

Not investment advice or solicitation to buy/sell securities. Do your own due diligence and/or consult an advisor.

Q: In response to my earlier question:
Thanks for highlighting that the "Shares Outstanding" hasn't gone up a lot in the last decade.
I am looking at the data provided from gurufocus and their numbers for "Outstanding Shares" match with what you mentioned in the earlier answer.
But when I look at "Common Stock" it has been doubled in the last decade period. It remained flat until 2019 at 5660 mil and jumped to 11399 mil by end of 2022. Do you think this is because of the split in 2020?
Can you please clarify the difference between "common stock" (which doubled in last few years) and "shares outstanding" (which somewhat remained steady in the same period)?
Should I not look at "common stock" while looking at a company's balance sheet.
Thanks again for addressing my concern.

Read Answer Asked by Jabs on May 26, 2023

Q: Everyone, what would you tell yourself about investing on your 20th birthday. Clayton

Read Answer Asked by Clayton on May 26, 2023

Q: More than half my portfolio is US stocks or etfs valued in usd with very little fx hedging. In recent history the usd/cad exchange rate has ranged from a low of about 0.95 in 2011 to a high of just over 1.40, and we are at 1.35 now, that is, close to the top end of the range. As I live in Canada, am I taking an outsized risk here based on currency alone? There seems to be a lot more downside potential at 1.35 than upside. If we move ever move to par again, that would be huge hit for me.

Read Answer Asked by William on May 24, 2023

Q: Letís talk index growth potential, generally.

We see the S&P500 has a 7+% weighting of Apple and a 22% concentration in the top 5 stocks. Reports are that tech drives the index growth much more than the remaining companies. Other indices around the world do not have this anomaly. e.g. TSXComp, MSCI World, MSCI EAFE (all typical of locked pension funds)

As we eventually move past this period where a recession may or may not happen, and market downturns may or may not happen, which areas (and these indices) may enjoy a healthy, lower-risk yet most favourable delta over the next 3-6-9 years? Is Warren Buffet on the right track when he recommends that his wife stay with just the S&P500 when heís gone?

Read Answer Asked by Clayton on May 24, 2023

Q: Hi 5i,
Horizon's ETF; HSAV says the management fee is 0.18% plus applicable taxes. Do all ETF's have to pay tax on the management fee? Do you know what the tax is and is it the same for all ETF's? I'm guessing it is our contribution to the GST at 5%. Hope you can help.

Read Answer Asked by Ian on May 23, 2023

Q: With the apparent impending credit tightening (particularly in the U.S.). It seems to me that this presents a great opportunity for alternative lenders to attract new business at better margins. What do you think? What "push back" do you have here other than the fact that these company's own access to capital may be constrained themselves. I have mentioned 2 companies above here, but feel free to comment on others if you have any advice on other opportunities. Thanks

Read Answer Asked by David on May 19, 2023

Q: Hi 5i team,

Iím thinking of selling a few stocks at a loss to balance out capital gains (I trimmed NVDA since my stock position got too high). I can cover an equivalent loss by selling two (or a combination of all 3) of the following stocks: DIS, TTD and CRWD. I bought all 3 at a much higher price. CRWD and TTD have had a nice bounce and Iím thinking that the near term environment of debt ceiling and sell in May could be a good time to take losses. Iím wondering if you have other items I should consider related to selling now versus later this year? If later, what would be a good time to consider?

I have other similar tech stocks such as GOOG and ZS and Iím wondering if I should consider another proxy for any or not bother? And Iím also wondering about re-buying at a reasonable entry point after 30 days for any of the 3 or simply move on?

Iíd appreciate any insights you could provide.

Thanks as always,

Read Answer Asked by Lisa on May 19, 2023

Q: Hi 5i,
Have a question about brokerage bank accounts and government guaranties. My understanding is each account could have $100,000 in CDIC if it qualifies and each account generally has $1,000,000 in coverage though another entity. If one has hypothetically $2,000,000 is one account the are at some risk as they are only covered to $1,000,000. Should the person buy treasury bills and stock (companies) in their account as if the bank gets in trouble you still own these assets, I cannot imagine the assets being liquidated and sold in a bankruptcy.

Read Answer Asked by Mark on May 15, 2023

Q: Hi 5i
As I've asked far too few questions and have load of question credits ... It's that time again ... what is 5i talking about internally that makes you all optimistic or pessimistic at this time? Would your views internally track the previous investor sentiment surveys and how does it differ (if it does).

Read Answer Asked by mike on May 07, 2023

Q: How long since the inversion of the yield curve happened. Isn't there a direct correlation at predicting a recession? What is the theory exctly and how close are we hence if this prove to be right? Does it always happen?

Thank you


Read Answer Asked by Yves on May 04, 2023

Q: In answers to Member questions concerning US stocks we may see a comment stating that "Authors of this answer, directors, partners and/or officers of 5i Research and/or affiliated companies have a financial or other interest in.." and then the company is named. Could the "financial or other interest" include holding the company's stock as a Short position?

Read Answer Asked by Richard on May 04, 2023

Q: Trying to build a long term bonds piece to my portfolio. Currently own small positions with ZFL and XLB. What addition add to or new buys should I make to continue adding to bonds?
After the FED's announcement what if bonds go up a lot? What if they go down a lot? Does that make a difference? Would you be a contrarian at this point? Please explain your position. Take as many credits as you see fit.
Thank you


Read Answer Asked by Yves on May 02, 2023

Q: Is WealthSimple covered by $1M insurance from the Canadian Investor Protection Fund i.e., cash and registered accounts are very safe as assets are kept separate from the management company? Thanks.

Read Answer Asked by Dan on May 01, 2023

Q: Monday I put in an open order to buy CSU, 10 Shares, on openingÖ The order filled at a price $40.00 dollars higher than their recorded opening price and higher than it had been recorded to trade at, for the last yearÖ The bank ( BNS) tells me that they can do this, as I didnít order 100 shares ( 1/4 million dollars worth) or put in a limit orderÖ. This smells a lotÖ

Read Answer Asked by James on April 28, 2023

Q: For an RESP with withdrawals starting this year, ending likely 10 to 11 years out for youngest child:
Largest holding is the ETF VUN (US) at 43% followed by BN and AC at around 12% each, then TOI, DOO , ATZ, SU, BAM in the 3-10% range each. Not included is the unfortunate loss of about 8% of the RESP due to failure of XBC.
So the focus remains on growth for the next 4-5 years to keep withdrawals mostly funded by growth.
Thoughts on keeping VUN as is? What about a higher-yielding ZWB in lieu of the individual stocks? Any concerns / risks that you know of for the stocks listed or maybe can offer some lower-risk substitutions?

Big thank you!

Read Answer Asked by Marilou on April 27, 2023

Q: Structured notes are a stock/bond hybrid with a limited life span or maturity. When an advisor touts them, they may sound appealing because they often combine high coupon rates with some level of principal protection that would enable their buyer to get their original investment back. Legally, they are unsecured debt obligations of the issuing bank. Unlike most bonds, their coupon payments are often contingent on the performance of an underlying asset such as a stock or index, which means coupons may not always be paid. Structured notes often have no potential to appreciate in price or have an explicit cap on maximum gains.

According to Amy Arnott, a Senior Portfolio Strategist at Morningstar,

ďStructured notes may offer big payouts, but those advertised yields aren't always worth the risks. In fact, when we recently dug into some of the academic research on how structured notes have performed, we found that two of the three studies we reviewed found that on average, structured notes have failed to perform better than a balanced portfolio of stocks and bonds, and at times have failed to keep up with risk-free Treasury bills.

Structured notes still account for a tiny fraction of investable assets in the U.S., but they've been gaining in popularity amid recent market volatility and record-low interest rates. They're often described as a way for risk-averse investors to capture additional income while limiting downside volatility. But their embedded costs, complexity, lack of liquidity and transparency, and often unfavorable payoff profiles make them difficult to use in a portfolio. Investors tempted by double-digit yields should therefore tread carefully--or take a pass.Ē

Can I please get your thoughts and views on structured notes and whether you are in agreement with Amy Arnottís opinion on structured notes as an investment vehicle? Is this another losing investment opportunity like buying shares in WEED.TO back in the Spring of 2019?

Read Answer Asked by George on April 27, 2023

Q: Thinking of opening a Questrade TFSA account. Is it considered as safe as TD Direct investing or other big banks i.e., if the CEO does something stupid and it gets in trouble?? Is there insurance? Thanks as usual. Danny-boy

Read Answer Asked by Dan on April 24, 2023

Q: Iíve read recently that older seniors overestimate their financial acumen, so I wanted to ask if you think the plan that I think is sensible, is. My thought was to move non dividend paying stocks from my TFSA to my NR., thus making room for the transfer of dividend paying stocks from my NR account to my TFSA where they would produce tax free dividends. Is that a reasonable approach for someone beyond the accumulation stage of investment? Iím wondering if thereís something Iíve failed to consider in this. Thanks as always.

Read Answer Asked by M.S. on April 21, 2023

Q: Good Morning
A couple of brokers have indicated that these two stocks are overvalued. Specifically for TRI they indicate that the Fair Market Value is $150.49 while the stock is trading much higher. Similarly for WSP the fair market value is indicated as $162.06 but the stock is trading at $176.03. One broker has even recommended selling WSP.
My two questions are: i) How is the fair market value (FMV)determined?
and ii) Is the FMV a significant factor in stock selection?
Thank you as always for your insight.

Read Answer Asked by Terry on April 19, 2023